Brief History and Timeline of Gingee
Gingee Under the Pallavas :- (600 A.D. to 900 A.D) – Gingee was once under the rule of Pallava kings and also the cave temples and rock inscriptions at Singavaram and Melacheri situated near Gingee tell about the Pallava regime in Gingee.
Gingee under the rule of Cholas :- (900 A.D. – 1103 A.D) >From the rock-cut inscriptions in Aanangur, East of Gingee, it is known that after the decline of the Pallava kings, Gingee was under the contrl of Adita Chola (871 A.D. – 907 A.D.)
Gingee under the rule of Later Pandya, Pallava and Hoysalas :- (1014 A.D. – 1190 A.D) >From the Book “”Karnataka Rajakkal Savistara Charitham” British Historian Mecans says that after the rule of the Cholas, Gingee came under the supermacy of Pandya, Pallava and Hoysalas.
Gingee under Konar Heritage : -(1190 A.D. – 1330 A.D)Gingee was under the sway of chieftains, Anandha Koan, Krishna Koan and Pullia Koan even though there was no epigraphical evidences from Koan rule but it is specified in some books.
Gingee under the rule of Vijayanagar Kings :- (1400 A.D) >From the survey of books that were present during Vijayanagar period, we come to know that Gingee was under the authority of Kopnnarayer during the 14th Century A.D.
Gingee under the Nayakka rulers : – (From the end of 14th century A.D. for 150 years)
During the peak of Krishna Deva Raya’s power (1509 A.D. – 1529 A.D.) he ordered, Krisnappa Nayyaka to rule a region with Gingee as its capital. He and his successors ruled for about 150 years having capital at Gingee.
Under the rule of Muhammadans:-(1649 A.D. – 1677 A.D) There was no unity among the Nayakas of Gingee, Tanjore and Madurai. There where frequent skirmishes among them. Taking advantage of this situation, the Bijapur Sultans, who belong to the Muhammadans dynasty, invaded Gingee at the beginning of the 16th Century A.D. and captured it. After this the army general of “Golgonda” , “Mirjeeva” defeated Krishnappa Nayyaka and handed Gingee over the king of Bijapur.
Gingee under the Marathas:- (1677 A.D. – 1697 A.D) After the fall of the Muhammadans rule at the end of the 17th century, Chattrapathi Shivaji, a scion in the annuls of History wrested Gingee from the Muhammadans. Then he asked his brother ” Sambaji” to rule Gingee in 1690 A.D. afterwards it was handed over to Rajaram in 1697 A.D.
Gingee, under the rule of the Mughals:- (1700 A.D-1750 A.D) The Mughal General Zulfigar Khan (1697 A.D. – 1698 A.D.) captured Gingee fort after a tough fight against the Marathas. Zulfigar Khan, then handed over the rule to Swaroop singh who was the army head at Bundalakand in 1700 A.D. on conditions that he had to collect tax under the supervision of Sad-ad-ullah khan of Carnatic.
Gingee under the rule of the Foreigners :- (1750 A.D) French people who came to India, for the purpose of trade and commerce, attacked Gingee under the command of “Puli” and his troops, captured Gingee and kept Gingee under their control for about ten years. During this period French People annexed Vandavasi in 1760 A.D. and Pondicherry in 1761 A.D. Then the Britishers under the command of General “Coot” attacked the French Army on April, 1761 A.D. by winning the war, they brought Gingee under the control of the British Captain ‘Stephen Smith’.
Hyder Ali’s Attempt
After this time. the General of Mysore, Hyder Ali became the king in 1761 A.D. A.D. As Hyder Ali did not like the British rule in India, he waged war against the British many times. So the Britishers made peace treaty with Hyder Ali. After few years, when Warren Hastings became the Governor General of India, Hyder Ali blamed Britishers for going against the treaty and waged war in 1780, by moving his troops via Polur and Vandavasi to caputure Gingee. But he was defeated by the Britsh army.
In a nutshell: In the beginning, Gingee was the place of the Jains but later due to rule of Pallava, Chola kings, Pandya, Hoysalas, Vijayanagara kings. Muhammadans, Mughals and the indifferent attitude of foreigners, the Gingee fort, which was surrounded by the granite walls, the mandapas, the temples inside the fort, was gradually destroyed. The Britishers did not take any steps to renovate the fort. Today Gingee fort is placed as a memorial in the pages of history and also for the sake of its admirers.
And the Cannons of Gingee are silent now!
———————————————————————- “Those who dance are thought mad by those who do not hear the music.”